Sterilization processes. Requirements for the development, validation and routine control of sterilization processes for medical devices and other healthcare products are described in ISO 11135 (for ethylene oxide), ISO 11137 (for radiation) and ISO 17665 (for moist heat). In summary, an effective sterilization process includes comprehensive


As GlobalPost is reporting, Sweden currently only allows transgender people to change their gender on official documents if they undergo sterilization beforehand.The official law, passed in 1972, requires all residents hoping to undergo a gender reassignment operation to be over 18 years old, a native citizen, sterilized and unmarried. An amendment had been proposed by the Swedish National

Leif Persson, secretary of the commission set up to look into the sterilisation policy, said found it easy to find information on women who had been sterilised in mental hospitals, in prisons or as minors. Many others had called the commission. In the last month, at least 150 people had contacted the commission. 1997-08-09 · Europe: Sweden's Sterilization Program Has Plenty Of Company August 09, 1997 00:00 GMT By Don Hill Share . Print. Prague, 29 August 1997 (RFE/RL) -- Newspaper revelations last week Se hela listan på Sweden has previously used temporary legislation to compensate for sterilization of persons with mental disabilities. (Lagen om ersättning till steriliserade i vissa fall [Act on Compensation to Sterilized Persons in Certain Cases] (SFS 199:332).) In the 1930s Sweden began sterilizing persons with mental disabilities.

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Postal address. P.O. Box 8861, SE-402 72 Gothenburg, Sweden. Keywords. eugenics, Sweden, USSR, Statens Institut för Rasbiologi. Résumé. La décennie of eugenic sterilization,yet the Swedish sterilization laws came into. Amazon配送商品ならEugenics And the Welfare State: Sterilization Policy in Demark, Sweden, Norway, and Findland (Uppsala Studies in History of Science) が  The goal must be to reproducibly ensure cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization using suitable reprocessing procedures that can be implemented in daily routine   7 May 1997 Sterilization.

3M (US) and Ecolab (US) are the leading players in the disinfectants and other consumables market, alongside Getinge 2021-4-25 · Eugenics and the Welfare Statealso provides an in-depth, critical examination of the history, politics, science, and economics that led to mass sterilization programs in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Finland; programs put in place for the "betterment of society" and based largely on the "junk science" of eugenics that was popular before the rise Compulsory sterilisation in Sweden were sterilisations which were carried out in Sweden, without a valid consent of the subject, during the years 1906–1975 on eugenic, medical and social grounds. Between 1972 and 2013, sterilisation was also a condition for gender reassignment surgery . Sweden was the first nation to establish an institute on racial biology, in 1922, and enacted its first law authorizing sterilization for the mentally ill in 1934.

In Sweden, however, th e au th o rities advocated p ersu asio n , n o t force. The . Swedish sterilization p rogram contained several procedures by which involun­ tary sterilization was carried out. The legally incompetent, to begin with, could . be subjected to sterilization without their consent according to the 1934 and. 1941 laws.

2018-04-27 A sterilization law came into force in Sweden in January 1935 which provides only for the sterilization of persons who owing to mental disability are permanently unfit to give consent to the measure. Sterilization may be undertaken if it appears that such persons will not in the future be able to look after their children, or that they may transmit to their children mental disease or defect.

av F Sunnemark · 2014 · Citerat av 3 — The Swedish Welfare State in Political Memory and Identity Racial Hygiene and Sterilization in Sweden], Stockholm, Sweden: Gidlund 1991. [6] H. Dahlqvist 

Sweden sterilization

Start by marking “Eugenics and the Welfare State: Sterilization Policy in Denmark, Sweden, Norway,  av JO Ottosson · 1971 · Citerat av 19 — Ekblad, M. (1963) Social-psychiatric prognosis after sterilization of women without children. Acta psychiat. scand. 39, 481.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed.

Sweden sterilization

Items being sterilized are usually immersed in the formaldehyde for a pre determined time period. X: GAMMA_RADIATION: Gamma radiation: Gamma rays are very penetrating and are commonly used for sterilisation of disposable medical equipment, such as syringes, needles, cannulas and IV sets. Prior to sterilization concerning gender reassignment, Sweden maintained a compulsory sterilization program that ran between 1934 and 1975 with eugenic undertones.
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Sweden sterilization

Officially voluntary, victims say that they were  9 Aug 1997 Europe: Sweden's Sterilization Program Has Plenty Of Company Prague, 29 August 1997 (RFE/RL) -- Newspaper revelations last week that  27 Mar 2017 Transgender Swedes had to be sterilized before they could legally change their gender until 2013.

Compulsory sterilisation in Sweden were sterilisations which were carried out in Sweden, without a valid consent of the subject, during the years 1906–1975 on  Paperpak Sweden AB conducted ethylene oxide (EtO) Sterilization of the samples with the following process set-up and material property changes when  JORDAN SWEDEN MEDICAL AND STERILIZATION COMPANY is located in Amman, Jordan and is part of the Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Industry. JORDAN  A move to scrap Swedish laws requiring compulsory sterilization for people undergoing gender reassignment surgery has been put on ice following opposition  14 Apr 2021 6.9k votes, 916 comments. 15.7m members in the history community.
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In the 1930s, influenced by the USA, and especially by Germany, Scandinavian countries passed sterilization laws. Denmark permitted voluntary sterilization in 1929 and extended it to coerce the feebleminded in 1934, Norway legalized sterilization in 1934, Sweden the …

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7 May 1997 Sterilization. Counselling. Refertilization. Abstract. In Sweden, approximately 1,500 men and 7,000 women are sterilized yearly. The frequency 

Sweden - often viewed as a bastion of tolerance - has a dark history of sterilization that dates back to the 1930s when Roma were often targeted in drives for racial purity. Mental disability, 1997-08-28 · Sweden seems to have been pretty zealous, though, in applying its eugenics. The 60,000 Swedish women made sterile compare with about 11,000 Danes who met a similar fate between 1929 and 1967. The The situation was different compared with that of the US or Sweden and Norway. In Switzerland only one region had a legal basis for [sterilisation] - this was the canton of Vaud. 1997-08-09 · Prague, 29 August 1997 (RFE/RL) -- Newspaper revelations last week that Swedish authorities between 1935 and 1976 conducted forced sterilizations of 60,000 men and women deemed racially defective Se hela listan på Newspapers reported that more than 60,000 Swedes and 40,000 Norwegians had been sterilized against their will, and that the sterilizations were motivated both by racist thinking on eugenics and by the economic interests of society.

The Development of Family Policy:  Vi har ingen information att visa om den här sidan. Directed by Christian Lund. With Mats Karlsson, Barbro Oborg, Niels Dybeck, Lotta Lund. Depicts the Swedish sterilization policy portrayed by a number of boys  Princess Sofia of Sweden recently announced on Instagram that she is joining the fight against COVID-19 as a medical assistant.